Essay on sundarban

sundarbans mangrove forest

According to the tiger census in Bangladesh, and the tiger census in India, the Sundarbans have about tigers in Bangladesh and 74 in India. Located alongside the Sundarbans tiger reserve, the Sajnekhali bird sanctuary is the home to a myriad of bird species like herons, egrets, Kingfisher, Sandpipers, Plovers, Whimbrels, Sea Eagle, Curfews and others.

Get your price writers online From the last decades, the world is becoming more dependent on power. Here land and water meet in many novel fashions, Wildlife presents many a spectacle.

sundarbans national park

In natural systems, water always flows from upstream to downstream and it is very important to maintain this flow in order to retain a good ecological balance.

These toxic substances can contaminate drinking water supplies and damage vital organs and the nervous system of people living around the place and the natural resources of the Sundarbans. The sunset view is magnificent from this island.

Biodiversity of sundarbans

The Mangrove Interpretation Centre is established at Sajnekhali to make the local people and tourists aware of the importance of conservation of nature in general and specially the mangrove ecosystems. As the Sundarbans area spread over in both Bangladesh and India, the policy planners of both countries should come forward with urgent strategies to protect this mangrove forest from the impending danger of severe pollution. The Sundarbans are a part of the world's largest delta formed by the rivers Ganges , Brahmaputra and Meghna. Several dozen reptile and amphibian species are found in the Sundarbans, notably crocodiles, Indian pythons, cobras, and marine turtles. Sundari, gewa or gengwa Excoecaria agallocha , nipa palms Nypa fruticans , and other halophytic salt-tolerant species are the dominant flora in the mangrove swamps. Other mammals include spotted deer , wild boars, otters, wildcats, and Ganges river dolphins Platanista gangetica , but several species that once inhabited the region—including Javan rhinoceroses , guar, water buffalo , and spotted deer—are now believed to be extinct there. Acquisition of these lands might cause loss of these habitats.

The forest is essential not just for the sake of beauty or biodiversity but also for sustainable livelihood of the people.

The sanctuaries and areas adjacent to them were collectively named a World Heritage site in

Sundarban is declared as world heritage site for

From east to west the river systems also comprise four estuaries viz. There is a large land devoid of any vegetation and a big pond nearby the watchtower due to which you can get an amazing sight of tigers and other animals who visit at the pond to drink water. Being located near the sea, the area often sees storms during May and October which even turns into the cyclones. Besides tiger, the reserve has fishing cat, spotted deer, rhesus monkey, and wild pigs. Around 2, sq km of total area of 4, sq km of the Sundarbans is occupied by the mangrove forest and the rest area is occupied by the water bodies across the 56 islands that constitute the forest. Much of the area has long had the status of a forest reserve , but conservation efforts in India were stepped up with the creation of the Sundarbans Tiger Reserve in This National Park does not only have Bengal Tigers but also deer, antelopes, giant wild pigs, monkeys, kingfishers, herons, eagles, and hyenas etc. This, coupled with an around 1. Along with the Forest Act, , the Bangladesh Wildlife Preservation Amendment Act , control activities such as entry, movement, fishing, hunting and extraction of forest produces. Reptiles and fish[ edit ] Endangered and extinct species[ edit ] Extinct Javan rhinoceros of Sunderbans, drawing from Gangetic dolphin , drawing from Forest inventories reveal a decline in standing volume of the two main commercial mangrove species — sundari Heritiera spp.
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Bangladesh:Queen of natural beauty: Sundarban