An outline of the history of the theater

There were also a number of secular performances staged in the Middle Ages, the earliest of which is The Play of the Greenwood by Adam de la Halle in Repertory theatre — Western theatre and opera production in which a resident company presents works from a specified repertoire, usually in alternation or rotation.

An outline of the history of the theater

He becomes, in effect, the first actor. Of these Oedipus the King is generally considered to be his masterpiece. One of his innovations is to write the day's three tragedies on a single theme, as a trilogy. Like the first three tragedians, he launches the genre with great brilliance. These dramatizations were included in order to vivify annual celebrations. Along the way, he is deserted by Kindred , Goods , and Fellowship — only Good Deeds goes with him to the grave. Today it is often called Chinese opera although this normally refers specifically to the more well-known forms such as Beijing Opera and Cantonese Opera , there have been many other forms of theatre in China. Professor Lombard comes with special fitness to his task as translator and historian. They satirize contemporary foibles by placing them in an unexpected context, whether by means of a fantastic plot or through the antics of ridiculous characters. Fringe theatre — theatre that is experimental in style or subject matter. Theatre of China — began as early as the Shang Dynasty and often involved happiness, mimes, and acrobatic displays. Each performance was made up of a series of separate, unrelated acts grouped together on a common bill. Platon Kerzhentsev was one of its principal practitioners. Farce — aims at entertaining the audience by means of unlikely, extravagant, and improbable situations, disguise and mistaken identity , verbal humour of varying degrees of sophistication, which may include word play , and a fast-paced plot whose speed usually increases, culminating in an ending which often involves an elaborate chase scene. Sometimes plays were staged as part of the occasion and a certain amount of burlesque and comedy crept into these performances.

Along the way, he is deserted by KindredGoodsand Fellowship — only Good Deeds goes with him to the grave. However, farce did not appear independently in England until the 16th century with the work of John Heywood — Main article: Theatre of ancient Rome Western theatre developed and expanded considerably under the Romans.

History of theatre timeline

But the Dionysians also develop a more structured form of drama. By then the shape of the stage is a semi-circle. The misfortune of Plautus and Terence is that their audience is very much less attentive than in Athens. Operetta — a genre of light opera , light in terms both of music and subject matter. Similar reliefs are found at Borobudur in Indonesia. He is credited with adding a third actor, further extending the dramatic possibilities of a scene. Roman comedy: 3rd - 2nd century BC In most cultural matters Rome is greatly influenced by Greece, and this is particularly true of theatre. Constantinople had two theatres that were in use as late as the 5th century. Their plays were performed in the Great Hall of a nobleman's residence, often with a raised platform at one end for the audience and a "screen" at the other for the actors. Also important were Mummers' plays , performed during the Christmas season, and court masques. Platon Kerzhentsev was one of its principal practitioners. Theatrical contests become a regular feature of the annual festival in honour of Dionysus, held over four days each spring and known as the City Dionysia.

Morality plays emerged as a distinct dramatic form around and flourished until The rising tiers of seats, separated by aisles, provide the pattern for the closest part of the auditorium to the stage in nearly all subsequent theatres - where these seats are still sometimes called the orchestra stalls.

Types of acts included popular and classical musicians, dancers, comedians, trained animalsmagiciansfemale and male impersonators, acrobatsillustrated songsjugglersone-act plays or scenes from plays, athleteslecturing celebritiesminstrelsand movies.

History of western theatre

They satirize contemporary foibles by placing them in an unexpected context, whether by means of a fantastic plot or through the antics of ridiculous characters. Only in Muslim-occupied Iberian Peninsula were liturgical dramas not presented at all. The revue has its roots in 19th century American popular entertainment and melodrama but grew into a substantial cultural presence of its own during its golden years from to Although Sophocles in a very long life writes more plays than Aeschylus perhaps about , again only seven survive intact. However this is a Roman reconstruction from the time of Nero. Black comedy — a comic work that employs "black humor" or gallows humor. Romantic comedy — light-hearted, humorous plotlines, centered on romantic ideals such as that true love is able to surmount most obstacles. According to a Greek chronicle of the 3rd century BC, Thespis is also the first winner of a theatrical award. Farce — aims at entertaining the audience by means of unlikely, extravagant, and improbable situations, disguise and mistaken identity , verbal humour of varying degrees of sophistication, which may include word play , and a fast-paced plot whose speed usually increases, culminating in an ending which often involves an elaborate chase scene. Theatre of Japan — traditional Japanese theater that are famous around the world including Noh , Kyogen , Kabuki , and Bunraku , or puppet theater. The Roman circus is more famous than Roman theatre see the Roman circus and gladiators. Khmer and Malay theatre — In Cambodia , at the ancient capital Angkor Wat , stories from the Indian epics Ramayana and Mahabharata have been carved on the walls of temples and palaces. All are borrowed from Greek drama, and every play of Terence's is set in Athens. Like the first three tragedians, he launches the genre with great brilliance. Romantic comedy — light-hearted, humorous plotlines, centered on romantic ideals such as that true love is able to surmount most obstacles.

They dance and sing, in choral form, the stories of Greek myth. A larger number of plays survive from France and Germany in this period and some type of religious dramas were performed in nearly every European country in the Late Middle Ages.

Although Rome had a native tradition of performance, the Hellenization of Roman culture in the 3rd century BC had a profound and energizing effect on Roman theatre and encouraged the development of Latin literature of the highest quality for the stage.

history of theatre pdf

In the 6th century BC a priest of Dionysus, by the name of Thespis, introduces a new element which can validly be seen as the birth of theatre. By then the shape of the stage is a semi-circle.

types of theatre

But neither writer invents a single plot.

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Outline of theatre