Hooke did not identify any internal cellular structure, only the external walls of the dead cork cells. Study tip Make sure you are able to explain briefly the functions of life.
Anton van Leeuwenhoek's microscope from the 17th century with a magnification of x. This crystallization process is no longer accepted with modern cell theory. This turning point proved on an elemental level cells are similar in the way they function and reproduce and, with the advent of more advanced observation techniques, the differences between cells relates to genetic make-up.
These major developments in cell physiology placed the membrane theory in a position of dominance and stimulated the imagination of most physiologists, who now apparently accept the theory as fact—there are, however, a few dissenters.
By the s, the bulk phase theories were not as well developed as the membrane theories. Detailed illustrations of objects observed under his crude microscope, Micrographia brought a fascination to the world of microscopy.
There are some fundamentals that go into every cell, uniting the world of living things into a oneness of the universe; there are also cellular modifications that make some cells look like they are from a different planet.
It would not be until over a hundred years later that this fundamental unit was connected to cellular structure and existence of cells in animals or plants. Interestingly, the shape of muscle and nerve cells tend to be long and thin, which also provides a favorable surface area-to-volume ratio.
And he didn't have enough to go on to think"Hey maybe, this is a building block of all life and maybe, cells themselves reproduce.